Steel Building Construction:
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Steel building construction is the process of building a structure, using steel as the raw material. Steel is an advantageous building material that enables a simple and easy construction process. Steel building construction has 48% of the total market share of construction. It includes commercial buildings, industrial buildings, temporary shelters, storage units, churches and air hangers. The construction process differs with the style of the building. However, the basic steps are the same. Steel building construction is flexible than traditional building methods. Steel building construction is taken up by many architectural firms. It also provides the opportunity for do-it-yourself construction.
Planning and scheduling are the pre-requisites of steel building construction. The standard patterns include LRB, LR and LM. The design that suits the needs and purpose can be finalized from available patterns. In standard construction, the material fabrication is done at the site of the building under the supervision of the engineers, according to the custom design. Now, pre-engineered systems are available, in which 70% of the system fabrication is done in the manufacturer's factory and shipped to the construction site. The customer merely has to assemble the building kit on the ground. This reduces the labor and 2 or 3 people will be enough to erect this building.
The style of steel building construction is based on the space requirements. A building permit is essential to start the construction. The foundation is the basic step of onsite construction. Depending on the weather and soil conditions, an appropriate foundation lay out is selected. Concrete floor slabs or steel base rails have to be built. The main columns of the steel frame are embedded to the foundation. The building rafters are fixed to the columns with anchor bolts. The wall frames leave places for doors and windows. The roof sheet is installed on the purlins and wall girts with metal screws. Door and window installation is the final step in steel building construction. In case of arch construction, the arches that act as side walls as well as roofs can be erected from the foundation, one after the other. Insulation can be also added to the steel building.
Steel building construction offers benefits such as faster installation, sustainability and unlimited design flexibility. It reduces energy cost and the amount of waste material. It does not require any sophisticated tools for assembly. Steel constructions can successfully withstand natural pressures such as earthquakes, severe cold or hurricanes. New innovations in the color code and accessories will add to the aesthetics of steel building construction.